Hexo博客双线部署的姐妹篇。详细详述如何将hexo博客部署到coding.net

注册coding.net

如果你原来有gitcafe账号,那么根据官方的向导,将数据从gitcafe迁移到coding。如果没有,那么就注册一个吧。

创建项目

登录成功后,可以创建项目,在Hexo博客双线部署中,我介绍的是用户pages,在这里,我介绍项目pages,所以创建的是一个普通项目。创建过程如下所示:

create_project.png

简单填下项目名称和简介就行。

注意:那个使用README.md文件初始化项目不要勾选

开启Coding Pages服务

open_pages.png

在项目管理台,点击Pages服务选项卡,再点击开启服务按钮来开启服务。服务开启之后,可以绑定域名。

pages_bind.png

建议绑定域名,比如,我已经有一个用户pages服务了,访问项目pages,好像相当于访问用户pages下的子目录。有许多资源出现404,导致页面显示不正常。

注:公开的项目Pages使用http协议

DNS解析

先绑定域名再说,因为域名解析不是马上就生效的。登录你的域名控制台,添加域名dns解析规则,如下图所示:

dns.png

添加一条CNAME的记录解析到pages.coding.me就可以了。

创建项目 Pages

参考Coding Pages 帮助,创建项目Pages。我使用master分支来存放hexo的源文件,站点生成之后,部署到coding-pages分支。简要的步骤如下:

  • 使用git clone命令将项目克隆到本地
  • 使用git checkout --orphan coding-pages生成一个新的空分支
  • 使用git rm -rf .命令删除coding-pages中已有的文件(如果没有用README.md初始化项目,可以跳过此步骤,不过建议执行一下此命令)
  • 新建一个测试的index.html文件,符合html标准,内容随意,我是使用vim index.html编辑的,不熟悉vim的,可以直接使用记事本等工具来生成
  • 使用git push -u origin coding-pages来推送到coding-pages分支

下面是我的详细操作过程

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Jamling@lijiaming-PC MINGW64 /e/hexo
$ git clone git@git.coding.net:Jamling/life.git
Cloning into 'life'...
remote: Counting objects: 3, done.
remote: Total 3 (delta 0), reused 0 (delta 0)
Receiving objects: 100% (3/3), done.
Checking connectivity... done.

Jamling@lijiaming-PC MINGW64 /e/hexo
$ cd life/

Jamling@lijiaming-PC MINGW64 /e/hexo/life (master)
$ git checkout --orphan coding-pages
Switched to a new branch 'coding-pages'

Jamling@lijiaming-PC MINGW64 /e/hexo/life (coding-pages)
$ ls
README.md

Jamling@lijiaming-PC MINGW64 /e/hexo/life (coding-pages)
$ git rm -rf .
rm 'README.md'

Jamling@lijiaming-PC MINGW64 /e/hexo/life (coding-pages)
$ vim index.html

Jamling@lijiaming-PC MINGW64 /e/hexo/life (coding-pages)
$ git status
On branch coding-pages

Initial commit

Untracked files:
  (use "git add <file>..." to include in what will be committed)

        index.html

nothing added to commit but untracked files present (use "git add" to track)

Jamling@lijiaming-PC MINGW64 /e/hexo/life (coding-pages)
$ git add .
warning: LF will be replaced by CRLF in index.html.
The file will have its original line endings in your working directory.

Jamling@lijiaming-PC MINGW64 /e/hexo/life (coding-pages)
$ git commit -m "init commit"
[coding-pages (root-commit) be74fbf] init commit
warning: LF will be replaced by CRLF in index.html.
The file will have its original line endings in your working directory.
 1 file changed, 4 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 index.html

Jamling@lijiaming-PC MINGW64 /e/hexo/life (coding-pages)
$ git push -u origin coding-pages
Counting objects: 3, done.
Delta compression using up to 4 threads.
Compressing objects: 100% (2/2), done.
Writing objects: 100% (3/3), 286 bytes | 0 bytes/s, done.
Total 3 (delta 0), reused 0 (delta 0)
To git@git.coding.net:Jamling/life.git
 * [new branch]      coding-pages -> coding-pages
Branch coding-pages set up to track remote branch coding-pages from origin.

Jamling@lijiaming-PC MINGW64 /e/hexo/life (coding-pages)
$

部署验证

上面的步骤做完,dns缓存应该也更新好了。使用浏览器访问一下,看一下coding-pages是否正确部署了。
url1.png
url2.png

安装hexo

  • 使用git checkout master将分支切到master分支
  • 使用hexo init来初始化博客,注意,执行过程中,会将.git仓库删除掉,后面需要重新初始化git
  • 使用git init重新初始化git仓库
  • 使用git remote add重新设置git仓库远程路径
  • 使用git pull将远程内容与本地内容合并

具体的操作步骤如下:

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Jamling@lijiaming-PC MINGW64 /e/hexo/life (master)
$ hexo init
INFO  Cloning hexo-starter to E:\hexo\life
fatal: destination path 'E:\hexo\life' already exists and is not an empty directory.
WARN  git clone failed. Copying data instead
INFO  Install dependencies
// 此处忽略hexo的安装输出日志
INFO  Start blogging with Hexo!

Jamling@lijiaming-PC MINGW64 /e/hexo/life
$ git status
fatal: Not a git repository (or any of the parent directories): .git #.git被hexo干掉了 :(

Jamling@lijiaming-PC MINGW64 /e/hexo/life
$ rm README.md #一定要删除,不然下面的git pull会执行不了

Jamling@lijiaming-PC MINGW64 /e/hexo/life
$ git remote add origin git@git.coding.net:Jamling/life.git
fatal: Not a git repository (or any of the parent directories): .git

Jamling@lijiaming-PC MINGW64 /e/hexo/life
$ git init
Initialized empty Git repository in E:/hexo/life/.git/ #木有事,我重新初始化git仓库

Jamling@lijiaming-PC MINGW64 /e/hexo/life (master)
$ git remote add origin git@git.coding.net:Jamling/life.git #我再重新设置远程仓库路径

Jamling@lijiaming-PC MINGW64 /e/hexo/life (master)
$ git pull origin master
remote: Counting objects: 3, done.
remote: Total 3 (delta 0), reused 0 (delta 0)
Unpacking objects: 100% (3/3), done.
From git.coding.net:Jamling/life
 * branch            master     -> FETCH_HEAD
 * [new branch]      master     -> origin/master

Jamling@lijiaming-PC MINGW64 /e/hexo/life (master)
$ git status
On branch master
Untracked files:
  (use "git add <file>..." to include in what will be committed)

        .npmignore
        _config.yml
        node_modules/
        package.json
        scaffolds/
        source/
        themes/

nothing added to commit but untracked files present (use "git add" to track)

Jamling@lijiaming-PC MINGW64 /e/hexo/life (master)
$ vim .gitignore

Jamling@lijiaming-PC MINGW64 /e/hexo/life (master)
$ git status
On branch master
Untracked files:
  (use "git add <file>..." to include in what will be committed)

        .gitignore
        .npmignore
        _config.yml
        package.json
        scaffolds/
        source/
        themes/

nothing added to commit but untracked files present (use "git add" to track)

Jamling@lijiaming-PC MINGW64 /e/hexo/life (master)
$

是否先初始化hexo博客,再checkout coding项目,是不是会简单一些呢?我没有试过,试过的请告诉我一下哈。

建议将themes目录也加入.gitignore文件。

Hexo设置

先安装hexo-deployer-git插件,然后配置

(_config.yml)Copy Code

deploy:
  type: git
  repo: 
    coding: git@git.coding.net:Jamling/life,coding-pages

repo可以写多个,格式为git仓库地址+英文逗号+分支名称,以实现多线部署。

编写博客

这就不多说了,装插件,装主题,写内容,这些属于hexo的基本操作。不懂的百度。本地测试通过之后,可以使用hexo g -d部署到coding。

提交hexo源文件

博客测试完毕之后,就可以将博客源文件提交到master分支了,这样就算换了电脑,可以从远程仓库获取源代码,又可以愉快地写博客了。

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Jamling@lijiaming-PC MINGW64 /e/hexo/life (master)
$ git add .
// 此处省略文件列表

Jamling@lijiaming-PC MINGW64 /e/hexo/life (master)
$ git commit -m "add sources"

//此处省略文件列表

Jamling@lijiaming-PC MINGW64 /e/hexo/life (master)
$ git push origin master
Counting objects: 73, done.
Delta compression using up to 4 threads.
Compressing objects: 100% (70/70), done.
Writing objects: 100% (73/73), 95.92 KiB | 0 bytes/s, done.
Total 73 (delta 0), reused 0 (delta 0)
To git@git.coding.net:Jamling/life.git
   e40018e..0efa99d  master -> master

Jamling@lijiaming-PC MINGW64 /e/hexo/life (master)
$

参考

Coding Pages 帮助: https://coding.net/help/doc/pages/index.html
Hexo博客双线部署: /2016/08/29/Web/Hexo-deploy-lines/